One of the better analogies I’ve seen:
For a real‐world analogy, if you were to build a chair, you would first create a blueprint on paper and then manufacture chairs based on this blueprint. The blueprint here is the class, and chairs are the objects. If you wanted to build a rocking chair, you would take the blueprint, make some modifications, and manufacture rocking chairs using the new blueprint.
Now take this example into the world of prototypes: you don’t create blueprints or classes here, you just create the object. You take some wood and hack together a chair. This chair, an actual object, can function fully as a chair and also serve as a prototype for future chairs.